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:: Volume 26, Issue 3 (2020) ::
Sci J Forensic Med 2020, 26(3): 159-167 Back to browse issues page
Legal Aspects of End of Life and End Stage Disease
E. Moazam1, M. Abbasi2, V. Ghasemi Ahd1, E. Moazam *3
1- Department of Law, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
2- Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Cancer Prevention Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran , el_moazam@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (587 Views)
Aims: End-of-life care providers to patients in the later stages of the disease are potentially exposed to a variety of judicial, legal and professional problems. This study was to review and analyze these challenges and ways to deal with them.
Information & Methods: In this systematic review study, some aspects of end-of-life care such as patient decision-making competence, discontinuation of life support treatments and useless or ineffective treatments and requesting death assistance with targeted search in 8 databases and reviewing 44 sources, from a legal point of view. An analysis was made.
Findings: The biggest challenges in the field of assisting in the death of patients, choosing the right person to decide in the final stages and ending the treatment were seen as useless or ineffective. In many countries, laws were enacted to discontinue life-sustaining treatments, and the process of judicial proceedings was to accept the requests of patients or their alternative representatives. Gradually, more and more countries have legalized end-of-life assistance in terms of conditional assistance.
Conclusion: The legal challenges to end-of-life and how to deal with it vary in different societies and legal intervention in end-of-life lawsuits be avoided as much as possible.
Keywords: law|end of life|end stage|legal ,
Full-Text [PDF 442 kb]   (132 Downloads)    
Article Type: Analytical Review | Subject: Medical Law
Received: 2020/06/11 | Accepted: 2020/09/3 | Published: 2020/09/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Cancer Prevention Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran Postal code: 8169658641
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Moazam E, Abbasi M, Ghasemi Ahd V, Moazam E. Legal Aspects of End of Life and End Stage Disease. Sci J Forensic Med. 2020; 26 (3) :159-167
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-1125-en.html

Volume 26, Issue 3 (2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی Scientific Journal of Forensic Medicine
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