[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 26, Issue 4 (2020) ::
Sci J Forensic Med 2020, 26(4): 211-220 Back to browse issues page
Medical-Legal Investigation of Crime against Persons' Auditory System with Cochlear Implant
A. Razipour Jouybari1, A. Shakeri *2, A.A. Izadifard3
1- Department of Law, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2- Department of Law and Political Science, Faculty of Law, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran , Shakeri_criminallaw@yahoo.com
3- Department of Theology, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Teachings, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
Abstract:   (201 Views)
Introduction: The cochlea is a part of the inner ear in terms of anatomy, and it is a part of the sensory mechanism in function. The cochlear implant is usually done on people, especially children, who suffer intensely from sensory-neural hearing loss and those who cannot use hearing aids. By cochlear implants, the hearing ability will return to them. Thousands of people in Iran have already done the cochlear implant. Based on the span of cochlear implants and the number of people who have done this surgery, and the lack of law in this field, the hearing system-related crimes about these people have not been checked legally.
Conclusion: According to the definition of an organ, the cochlea is considered an independent organ due to its function. In a cochlear implant, in contrast with a cochlear transplant, the implantation of non-biological tissues or organs is performed, whose legal effect of crime is different with organ transplant. Since the cochlear implant device does not have biological life, there is no infinite analogy between the criminal and the victimchr('39')s ear, and the verdict is similar. According to the fact that after the implant surgery, the hearing ability of the victim will return to its normal form if the crime happens, based on the articles 570, 566, and 682 of the Islamic penal code and according to the held referendum, heavy damages including financial guarantee, compensation of hearing benefit, Arsh of felony and Arsh of loss of function are set as punishment.
Keywords: Organ|Transplant|Cochlear implant|Qesas|Diyat|Similarity ,
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (100 Downloads)    
Article Type: Qualitative Study | Subject: Medical Law
Received: 2020/12/11 | Accepted: 2021/03/1 | Published: 2021/03/8
* Corresponding Author Address: University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran. Postal code: 4814768892
References
1. Ahadi M, Milani M, Malayeri S, Kamali M. Identifying cochlear dead regions in hearing impaired children with the threshold equalizing noise test. Bimon Audiol. 2008;17(1):29-37. [Persian] [Link]
2. Jalilvand Karimi L. Development of hearing, speech, language, and cognition before birth up to eight years of age. Sci J Rehabilit Med. 2019;8(1):208-25. [Persian] [Link]
3. Sharifi A, Kakojoibari AA, Sarmadi MR. Comparison of different levels of reading comprehension between hearing-impaired and normal-hearing students. Audit Vestib Res. 2010;19(2):25-32. [Persian] [Link]
4. United nations high commissioner for refugees. Iran: Islamic penal code [Internet]. Geneva: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; 1991 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://www.refworld.org/docid/518a19404.html. [Link]
5. rc.majlis.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Islamic Republic of Iran; 2021 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://rc.majlis.ir/en. [Persian] [Link]
6. Islamic parliament research center of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Country laws and regulations system [Internet]. Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Islamic Republic of Iran;2021 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/content/law_cd. [Persian] [Link]
7. Zaydan A. Qisas and Dyat in Islam. Tehran: MAJD; 2015. [Persian] [Link]
8. Farahidi K, Al-Makhzoomi M, Al-Sameraei E. Tartib ketab al-ain. Qom: HIJRAT Publishing; 1996. [Link]
9. Al-Fadil Al-Lankarani M. Tafsil-ul-Sharia fi Sharh Tahrir al-Wasilah-al-Qisas. Qom: Global Center for Jurisprudential of Pure Imams; 2004. [Persian] [Link]
10. Mahmoudian Esfahani K. An inquiry about crimes against internal organs: Critical reading into the specified atonement stated. Crim Law Res. 2017;5(19):9-40. [Persian] [Link]
11. Guyton AC, Hall JE. Textbook of medical physiology. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2006. [Link]
12. Sadeghi MH. Offenses against persons. Tehran: MIZAN; 1999. [Persian] [Link]
13. Mojtahedi Soleymani A, Rostami A. The essence of Diyat in jurisprudence and the rights of Iran. J Psychology Social Science. 2015;1(2):20-39. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.21859/psychol-01023]
14. Najafi MH. Javahir al-kalam fi sharh sharai al-eslam. Beirut: Dar Alehya-Turab Al-Arabi;1999. [Arabic] [Link]
15. Madani Kashani R. Diyat. Qom: Teachers Group in the Scientific Seminary in Qom, Islamic Publishing Foundation;1988. [Arabic] [Link]
16. Fazel Esfahani M. Kashfoallsam & al-ebham an ghvaed al-ahkam. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute affiliated to the Qom Seminary Teachers Association; 2001. [Arabic] [Link]
17. Sheykh Sadouq M. Al-Hedayeh fi al-osul & al-furoh. Qom: Imam Hadi Institute: 1997. [Arabic] [Link]
18. Hurr Ameli M. Vasayel al-shia ela tahsil masayel al-shariah. Tehran: KETABCHI; 2005. [Arabic] [Link]
19. Jurisprudential research center. Collection of jurisprudential consultative theories in criminal matters. Tehran: Deputy of Education and Research of Judiciary, Jurisprudential Research Center; 2000. [Persian] [Link]
20. Khoei SA. Mabani takmelat al-menhaj. Qom: Institute for the Revival of Imam Khoei's Works; 1977. [Persian] [Link]
21. Shoshy Nasab N, Mirshekari A. The effect of the previous situation of the injured party on the civil liability of the injured party. Legal J Justice. 2013;77(84):124-52. [Persian] [Link]
22. Haeri Shahbagh A. Description of the General Penal Code. Tehran: NAQSHE-JAHAN; 1952. [Persian] [Link]
23. Aref AA, Aref Q. Adequacy of payment of Arsh by the culprit in organ transplantation after nemesis. Jurisprud Princ Islam Law. 2013;6(12):49-61. [Persian] [Link]
24. Vahdati Shobeyri SH. The basis and realm of excess guarantee of wergild. Islam Stud Jurisprud Princ. 2011;43(87):247-68. [Persian] [Link]
25. global.oup.com [Internet]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2013 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://global.oup.com/?cc=ir. [Link]
26. Davatgaran K. Performance, disability and health classification. Tehran: Iran Welf Organ; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
27. Yazdi Feizabadi V, Seifoddini R, Ghandi M, Mehrolhasani MH. Defining health from the perspective of the WHO: A brief overview of the criticisms and the need for a paradigm shift. Iran J Epidemiol. 2017;13(5):155-65. [Persian] [Link]
28. edarehoquqy.eadl.ir [Internet]. Tehran: General Legal Department of the Judiciary; 2014 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://b2n.ir/y46694. [Persian] [Link]
29. Emdadi S, Jalilian F, Shiri M, Mirzayi Alavijeh M, Morshedi M, Ahmadpanah M, et al. The relationship between Subjective norms and registered volunteer organ donors among students of Hamadan university of medical sciences. Sci J Forensic Med. 2012;17(4):217-24. [Persian] [Link]
30. Shekhzadi A, Kiyani M. A report about replantation of three amputated fingers caused by an occupational accident and study of determining the compensation from legal physician's point of view. Sci J Forensic Med. 2007;13(2):123-8. [Persian] [Link]
31. Bazmi S, Kiyani M, Rezvani S. Evaluation the ethical and legal aspect of organs transplantation. Med Ethic. 2009;3(10):87-101. [Persian] [Link]
32. Dehkhoda A. Dictionary. Tehran: University of Tehran Press; 1998. [Persian] [Link]
33. Ahmadpour A, Golestanrou S. The limb retaliation and limb equality necessity. Legal Stud. 2011;3(2):1-33. [Persian] [Link]
34. makarem.ir [Internet]. Tehran: Makarem Shirazi Office Information Database; 2020 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: https://makarem.ir/main.aspx?typeinfo=21&lid=0&catid=46787&mid=261754. [Persian] [Link]
35. Aghababaei Bani A. The Role of Implant in Qisas. The Iran J Med Law. 2016;10:124-40. [Persian] [Link]
36. Ashouri M, Jalil Abkenar SS, Hassanzadeh S, Pourmohamadreza Tajrishi M. Speech intelligibility in children with cochlear Implant, with hearing aids and normal hearing. Arch Rehabilit. 2013;14(3):8-15. [Persian] [Link]
37. Kurd N, Shahbodaghi MR, Khodami SM, Nourbakhsh M, Jalaei S. et al. Study of speech comprehension ability in cochlear implanted children of primary school age and its comparison with children with normal hearing. J Mod Rehabilit. 2010;4(3-4):1-5. [Persian] [Link]
38. Solemani F, Sajedi F, Hashemi SB, Monshizadeh L. A review of auditory speech and language development among cochlear implant children. Jondishapour Sci Med J. 2015;14(6):721-31. [Persian] [Link]
39. Norouzpour H, Tabatabaei SH, Rajaeifard A, Hashemi SB, Monshizadeh L. The effect of age of cochlear implantation on the improvement of the auditory performance in the children undergoing cochlear implantation. Sci J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci. 2013;20(6):789-95. [Persian] [Link]
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Razipour Jouybari A, Shakeri A, Izadifard A. Medical-Legal Investigation of Crime against Persons' Auditory System with Cochlear Implant. Sci J Forensic Med. 2020; 26 (4) :211-220
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-1174-en.html


Volume 26, Issue 4 (2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی Scientific Journal of Forensic Medicine
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4280