:: Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2017) ::
Ir J Forensic Med 2017, 23(2): 124-131 Back to browse issues page
Measurement of the Third Molar Apices to Test Chronological Age of Individuals Over 18 Years Old
Elaheh Esfandiari * , Shahrzad Javadinejad , Roshanak Ghafari
Periodontist, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medical Sciences Jundishapur, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (780 Views)

Background: Forensic odontologists are the specialists that can be asked to assist in estimating the age of persons who may or may not have reached the legal age. In this regard, selecting a practical method would be a priority. The present study aimed to measure the apices of third molar to discriminate between individuals who are or not 18 years of age or older and to fix a cutoff for evaluation of the age in these cases.
Methods: Panoramic radiographs belonging to 150 healthy individuals aged between14-23, were randomly selected. To evaluate the individuals, using Cameriere method, the third molar maturity index- I3M- of the left side was calculated as follows: The sum of the distances between the inner sides of the open apices divided by the tooth length to normalise the measurements. For the statistical assessment of the data, SAS software and Proc Logistic were used.
Results: If an individual has I3M≤0/01, he is 18 or more and if I3M>0/01 it can be predicted that the probability of being 18 years or more using the calculated formula. According to the results, there was no significant correlation between gender and Cameriere method model.
Conclusion: Calculating the third molar maturity index is a practical method to estimate age in Iranian population. Concordant percentage of 89.3% and C factor 90% showed that this method is suitable to estimate the age of an individual of more or less than 18 years.

Keywords: Dental age, Cameriere method, Maturity index of the third molar, Forensic dentistry.
Full-Text [PDF 497 kb]   (195 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2011/08/15 | Accepted: 2017/12/20 | Published: 2017/12/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Periodontist, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medical Sciences Jundishapur, Ahvaz, Iran
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