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Iran J Forensic Med 2019, 25(1): 1-7 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Anabolic Steroids among the Male Bodybuilding Athletes and Rate of Awareness to Side Effects in Shahrud
Mohammadreza Eskandarion1, Jamil Kheirvari Khezerloo2, Shaghayegh Hemmatian3, Mohsen Tabasi1, Raheb Ghorbani *4
1- Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran
2- Young Researchers & Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3- Information Technology Department, Engineering Faculty, Mahdishar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
4- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Scinces, Semanan, Iran , ghorbani.raheb93@gmail.com
Abstract:   (973 Views)
Aims: With the development of bodybuilding in Iran, abusing anabolic steroids has been a big problem. Also, the common and irreversible complications of these drugs for the athletes themselves are an important and controversial issue. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anabolic steroids and the awareness of male bodybuilder athletes and their coaches about the side effects of these drugs in Shahrud.
Instruments and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, conducted in 2012, 200 bodybuilding athletes from Shahrud were selected by random cluster sampling from 12 different gyms. A questionnaire containing demographic data, drug use status, and athletes' awareness of the complications of drugs were completed. The data were analyzed by SPSS software 18, using Chi-square test.
Findings: 59.5% of the athletes used anabolic steroid, the most common of which was Nandrolone (41.5%), Testosterone (39.5%), and Prohormone (39%). 68.0% of the athletes were married. The use of dianabol, suestanol and oxymetholone tablets in married athletes was significantly higher than single ones (p<0.05). 86.2% of champion athletes had the history of using anabolic steroids. 33.6% of the athletes did not know the complications of these drugs.
Conclusion: 59.5% of the male athletes in Shahrud use anabolic steroids, the most common of which is Nandrolone. High consumption and low awareness of the side effects of these drugs and the easy access of athletes to these drugs show the necessity of informing athletes and coaches about the complications of anabolic steroids and the formulation of prevention programs.
Keywords: Awareness, Prevalence, Anabolic Steroids, Bodybuilding Athletes
Full-Text [PDF 737 kb]   (287 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2017/07/10 | Accepted: 2018/12/1 | Published: 2019/03/19
* Corresponding Author Address: Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Scinces, 5 Kilometer of Damghan Road, Semanan, Iran. Postal Code: 3513138111
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 23 KB]  (16 Download)
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Eskandarion M, Kheirvari Khezerloo J, Hemmatian S, Tabasi M, Ghorbani R. Prevalence of Anabolic Steroids among the Male Bodybuilding Athletes and Rate of Awareness to Side Effects in Shahrud. Iran J Forensic Med. 2019; 25 (1) :1-7
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Volume 25, Issue 1 (2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
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