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Iran J Forensic Med 2019, 25(2): 1-10 Back to browse issues page
The Definition of Jaefe in Feqh and Criminal Law (Critique and correction propose of the article 711 of IPC)
T. Zargarian *1, M. Ghoorchi Beigi2, A. Mahdavipoor2
1- Legal Medicine Center for Forensic Medicine, Iranian Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran , tahazargariyan93@gmail.com
2- Criminal Law and Criminology Department, Law & Political Science Faculty, Khwarazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (93 Views)
Introduction: Reports of criminal cases in injuries reveal a great deal of ambiguity of the judicial experts and forensic medicine concerning the injury of Jaefe. This is due to the definition of Jaefe in the Law. The place of Jaefe in body, the tools of Jaefe Injuries, and the degree of penetration of tool in the place are the factors that should be explained to discover the nature of Jaefe. Articles 711 and 712 deal with Jaefe, but they are the cause of ambiguities. In article 711, the place of Jaefe is limited to stomach, chest, back, and sides while throat and pharynx have been added in article 712, without any specific criteria. In article 711, anything can be considered as a tool of Jaefe injuries while in article 712 Jaefe injuries only can be realized through a spear or bullet or things like them. The degree of tool penetration has been neglected wholly. The aim of the present study was to investigate the nature of Jaefe in the field of Feqh and criminal law through descriptive-analytic method.
Conclusion: The place of Jaefe is limited to the abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity and the chest. The tool of Jaefe has particular features. The valid penetration degree of a tool is merely the entering of the tool of injury in the place of Jaefe.
Keywords: Injury, Definition, Jaefe, The Tool of Injury
Full-Text [PDF 619 kb]   (29 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2019/01/30 | Accepted: 2018/11/23 | Published: 2019/06/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Legal Medicine Center for Forensic Medicine, Iranian Legal Medicine Organization, Qum, Iran
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Zargarian T, Ghoorchi Beigi M, Mahdavipoor A. The Definition of Jaefe in Feqh and Criminal Law (Critique and correction propose of the article 711 of IPC) . Iran J Forensic Med. 2019; 25 (2) :1-10
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Volume 25, Issue 2 (2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
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