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:: Volume 20, Issue 1 (5-2014) ::
Ir J Forensic Med 2014, 20(1): 401-408 Back to browse issues page
Patients’ Safety and Nurses’ Medication Administration Errors
Fatemeh Ebrahimpour , Akram Shahrokhi * , Arash Ghodousi Dr
Ghazvin University of Medical Sciences , akramshahrokhi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6169 Views)
Background: Medication errors are one of the most common errors related to patients’ safety. The study was carried on to investigate medication errors by nurses in Qazvin university hospitals. Methods: In this descriptive study, 150 nurses who were working in 4 Qazvin medical university teaching hospitals were selected by proportional random sampling, and data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire including demographic characteristics, employment information and nurses' medication errors. Findings: The mean of the participating nurses’ age was 30.7± 6.5 years and their overwork time mean was 64.2 ± 38 hours per month. Medication errors had been made by 40.8% of the nurses. The most common types of reported errors were prescribing Medicine to wrong patient. The most common causes were inaccuracy (41%), ward crowdedness (13.1%), physician and nurses' illegible handwriting (11.5%). A medication error was occurred the most for Antibiotics (67%). 81.97% of the nurses had orally reported their error only to their head nurses or their colleagues (42%). Data analysis showed no significant relation between nurses’ demographic and employment characteristics with medication errors. Conclusion: This study showed that medication administration error was common, so for prevents it and protect patient safety, we suggest improve working conditions for nurses, improve nurses’ pharmacological knowledge, encourage nurses to report their errors, promoting culture patient safety and set up a system to record medical errors.
Keywords: Medication Error, Nurses, Patient Safety
Full-Text [PDF 404 kb]   (3043 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Forensic Medicine
Received: 2014/05/26 | Accepted: 2014/05/26 | Published: 2014/05/26
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Ebrahimpour F, Shahrokhi A, Ghodousi A. Patients’ Safety and Nurses’ Medication Administration Errors . Ir J Forensic Med. 2014; 20 (1) :401-408
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-568-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 1 (5-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
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