[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2017) ::
Ir J Forensic Med 2017, 23(2): 115-123 Back to browse issues page
Studying the Ability to Inhibit Impulses in Delinquent Adolescents with Conduct Disorder in Tehran Correction and Rehabilitation Center in 2015
Lamya Rostami Tabrizi Dr, Aref Khalili Paji * , Abbas Zabihzadeh
Department of Criminal Law and Crime, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran , arefkh.p@gmail.com
Abstract:   (250 Views)
Background: Inhibitory control defined as the ability to control the improper responses or behaviors, is one of the main components of executive function and considered as a determinant component of several psychiatric disorders. The main aim of this study was to compare different aspects of inhibitory control in a number of adolescents with conduct disorder and normal adolescents. This comparison demonstrates the importance of different aspects of inhibitory control in criminal acts.
 
Methods: The research design of this causal study was comparative. A total of 64 individuals (32 adolescents with conduct disorder and 32 normal adolescents) participated in this study, voluntarily. Computerized Stroop and GO NO GO Tests were used for collecting data.
 
Findings: The results revealed that adolescents with conduct disorder reported significantly higher speed and lower precision in their functions in Stroop and GO NO GO tests.
 
Conclusion: The results of this study are discussed regarding the role of abnormality in inhibitory control system on formation and persistence of criminal behavior.
Keywords: Psychopathology, Conduct Disorder, Crime, Inhibitory Control.
Full-Text [PDF 312 kb]   (68 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical Law
Received: 2015/11/21 | Accepted: 2017/12/20 | Published: 2017/12/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Criminal Law and Crime, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
References
1. Kim-Cohen J, Arseneault L, Caspi A, Tomás MP, Taylor A, Moffitt TE. Validity of DSM-IV conduct disorder in 4½–5-year-old children: A longitudinal epidemiological study. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162(6):1108-17. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Herpertz SC, Mueller B, Qunaibi M, Lichterfeld C, Konrad K, Herpertz-Dahlmann B. Response to emotional stimuli in boys with conduct disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162(6):1100-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Richell RA, Mitchell DGV, Newman C, Leonard A, Baron-Cohen S, Blair RJR. Theory of mind and psychopathy: can psychopathic individuals read the ‘language of the eyes’? Neuropsychologia. 2003;41(5):523-6. [DOI]
4. Vitulano M. Contextual influences on associations between impulsivity and risk-taking and child delinquency. 2010. A thesis presented for the Master of Arts degree the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
5. Van den Wildenberg WP, Van Der Molen MW. Developmental trends in simple and selective inhibition of compatible and incompatible responses. J Exp Child Psychol. 2004;87(3):201-20. [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Nigg JT. Is ADHD a disinhibitory disorder? Psychological bulletin. 2001;127(3):571-98. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Rao N, Reddy YC, Kumar J, Kandavel Thennarasu, Chandrashekar CR. Are neuropsychological deficits trait markers in OCD? Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2008;32(6):1574-9. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Goldberg T. The executive brain, frontal Lobes and the civilized mind. New York: Oxford University Press; 2002.
9. Nigg JT, Wong MM, Martel MM, Jester JM, Puttler LI, Glass JM, et al. Poor response inhibition as a predictor of problem drinking and illicit drug use in adolescents at risk for alcoholism and other substance use disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006;45(4):468-75. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Walker C, Thomas J, Allen TS. Treating impulsivity, irritability, and aggression of antisocial personality disorder with quetiapine. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2003;47(5):556-67. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Stevens MC, Kaplan RF, Hesselbrock VM. Executive–cognitive functioning in the development of antisocial personality disorder. Addict Behav. 2003;28(2):285-300. [DOI]
12. Morasch KC, Bell MA. The role of inhibitory control in behavioral and physiological expressions of toddler executive function. J Exp Child Psychol. 2011;108(3):593-606. [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Verbruggen F, Logan GD. Automatic and controlled response inhibition: associative learning in the go/no-go and stop-signal paradigms. J Exp Psychol Gen: General. 2008;137(4):649-72. [DOI] [PubMed]
14. Hamzeloo M, Mashhadi, E. Comparing behavioral inhibitory in Juvenile offenders and normal controls. Research in health psychology. 2010;34(4):55-64.
15. Robinson E, Eagle D, Economidou D, Theobald D, Mar A, Murphy E, et al. Behavioural characterisation of high impulsivity on the 5-choice serial reaction time task: specific deficits in ‘waiting’versus ‘stopping’. Behav Brain Res. 2009;196(2):310-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Ekhtiyari H, Rezvanfard M, Mokri, A. Impulsivity and different method for its assessment. Psychiatry and clinical psychology. 2009;22(3):247-53.
17. Dickman SJ. Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: personality and cognitive correlates. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990;58(1):95-102. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Verdejo-García A, Lawrence AJ, Clark L. Impulsivity as a vulnerability marker for substance-use disorders: review of findings from high-risk research, problem gamblers and genetic association studies. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2008;32(4):777-810. [DOI] [PubMed]
19. Moeller FG, Barratt ES, Dougherty DM, Schmitz JM, Swann AC. Psychiatric aspects of impulsivity. Am J Psychiatry. 2001;158(11):1783-93. [DOI] [PubMed]
20. Aron AR. The neural basis of inhibition in cognitive control. Neuroscientist. 2007;13(3):214-28. [DOI] [PubMed]
21. Lane SD, Cherek DR. Analysis of risk taking in adults with a history of high risk behavior. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2000;60(2):179-87. [DOI]
22. Hollander E, Evers M. New developments in impulsivity. Lancet. 2001;358(9286):949-50. [DOI]
23. Mathias CW, Dougherty DM, Marsh DM, Moeller FG, Hicks LR, Dasher K, et al. Laboratory measures of impulsivity: A comparison of women with or without childhood aggression. The Psychological Record. 2002;52(3):289-303. [DOI]
24. Mobini S, Grant A, Kass AE, Yeomans MR. Relationships between functional and dysfunctional impulsivity, delay discounting and cognitive distortions. Personal Individ Differ . 2007;43(6):1517-28. [DOI]
25. Rachlin H. The science of self-control. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 2000.
26. Gray JA. A model of the limbic system and basal ganglia: Applications to anxiety and schizophrenia. In M. S.Gazzaniga (Ed.), The cognitive neurosciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 1995.1165-76.
27. Damasio AR, Tranel D, Damasio H. Individuals with sociopathic behavior caused by frontal damage fail to respond autonomically to social stimuli. Behav Brain Res. 1990;41(2):81-94. [DOI]
28. Spikman JM, Deelman BG, van Zomeren AH. Executive functioning, attention and frontal lesions in patients with chronic CHI. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2000;22(3):325-38. [DOI]
29. Ghadiri F, Jazayeri A, Ashayeri H, GhaziTabatabaee M. Executive function deficit in patient with schizophrenia. New trends in cognitive science. 2006;8(2):11-24.
30. Carroll A, Hemingway F, Bower J, Ashman A, Houghton S, Durkin K. Impulsivity in juvenile delinquency: Differences among early-onset, late-onset, and non-offenders. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2006;35(4):517-27. [DOI]
31. Li C-sR, Chen S-H. Obsessive–compulsiveness and impulsivity in a non-clinical population of adolescent males and females. Psychiatry Res. 2007;149(1):129-38. [PubMed]
32. Swann AC, Gerard Moeller F, Steinberg JL, Schneider L, Barratt ES, Dougherty DM. Manic symptoms and impulsivity during bipolar depressive episodes. Bipolar Disord. 2007;9(3):206-12. [DOI] [PubMed]
33. Sulkowski ML, Jordan C, Reid A, Graziano PA, Shalev I, Storch EA. Relations between impulsivity, anxiety, and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences. 2009;47(6):620-5. [DOI]
34. Kashdan TB, Hofmann SG. The high‐novelty–seeking, impulsive subtype of generalized social anxiety disorder. Depress Anxiety. 2008;25(6):535-41. [DOI] [PubMed]
35. Blair RJR. Responding to the emotions of others: dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations. Conscious Cogn. 2005;14(4):698-718. [DOI] [PubMed]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rostami Tabrizi L, Khalili Paji A, Zabihzadeh A. Studying the Ability to Inhibit Impulses in Delinquent Adolescents with Conduct Disorder in Tehran Correction and Rehabilitation Center in 2015. Ir J Forensic Med. 2017; 23 (2) :115-123
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-705-en.html


Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3647