Ali Hossein Najafi Abrandabadi *- Fatah Jafarizadeh**&dagger- Esmaeeil Haditabar***
*PhD in Criminal Law & Criminology, Professor of Shahid Beheshti University, Faculty of Law & Political Sciences
**PhD Candidate in Criminal Law & Criminology, Mazandaran University, Member of Legal Medicine Research Center , Tehran,Iran
*** PhD in Criminal Law & Criminology, Assistant Professor of Mazandaran University, Faculty of Law & Political Sciences,Babolsar,Iran
Background: One of the most ancient and harshest crimes against human being that cause insecurity in society is murder. Most legal systems of the criminal code have been criminalized this behavior. Prevention and control of this murder is one of the goals and duties of governments that are usually considered on criminal policy. Since murder, is a human crime against human being, so many factors such as: demographic, social, environmental, and cognitive can have an impact on it .The purpose of this study is determine the murder frequency and motives and related factors in the Fars province during April 2002 until the end of March 2012, based on the demographic data of victims.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study demographic information of victims who have been killed during April 2002 until the end of March 2012 in Fars province, was collected. Then by interview with family of victims the related questionnaires have been filled. Finally, the data were statistically analyzed through Spss19 software by t & &chi 2 tests. Error hypothesis test (&alpha = 5%) were considered.
Findings: The number of victims was 2190 cases. 1832 cases (84%) males and 358 (16%) were females. The results show that the average age of victims and standard deviation were 32.66±15.58 years & the greatest & least frequencies of victims were in 20-29 years old and 60-69 years old respectively. The most people1050 (47.9%) were married and most causes for killing (That was expressed by parents) 473 (34%) cases was abnormalities of the alcohol and drugs. 1303 people (59/2%) had died at the scene and 302 (13/8%) during transport to medical centers and 475 patients (22%) had died in therapy centers. There was no significant relationship between means age in men &women (p-value=.120).
Conclusion: The study showed that most of the victims were male, young and middle-aged murdered. So the task of the criminal policy of special attention should be paid to these individuals. As regards, the causes of many deaths were dispute after consumption of alcohol and drugs. So authorities should monitor and more control over the production, distribution and consumption of these substances among young people.