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:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (summer 2008) ::
2008, 14(2): 99-104 Back to browse issues page
Autopsy findings of brainstem in head trauma in comparison with CT scan findings in brain trauma ward, Imam Khomeini hospital, Tabriz
Abstract:   (15801 Views)
Background & Aim: Because of its ability to demonstrate the nature, extent, sites, and multiplicity of brain injury, computed tomography (CT) is now the primary diagnostic method for head trauma. Although there have been numerous reports on the CT findings of most types of intracranial injuries, the findings in brainstem injuries have not been well described. This study aimed at comparing the autopsy findings of brainstem in head trauma in comparison with CT scan results. Materials & Methods: Two hundred patients with head trauma, who expired after a period of time of hospitalization, were assessed in a diagnostic value study. Brain stem involvement was determined by autopsy as well as CT scanning of the brain during their hospitalization. The results of the two methods compared with each other, emphasizing the type and the location of probable lesions in the brain stem. Considering the autopsy as the method of the choice, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of CT scan in brain stem lesions of patients with head trauma were calculated. The effect of primary cause of head trauma, survival time and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) were evaluated, as well. Findings: Brain stem lesions detected in 39 (19.5%) patients in autopsy. However, CT scan revealed brain stem lesions in 23(11.5%) cases. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CT scan was 59%, 100%, 100% and 91% respectively. The most common lesions of the brain stem region were as contusion of pons (8.5%), medulla (5%) and midbrain (4.5%). There were 6 (3%) cases of pontomedullary junction tear and 1 (0.5%) case of cervicomedullary junction tear. Admitting GCS and survival time were significantly lower in patients with brain stem lesion (p<0.001 for both of them) however, the initial mechanism of trauma did not significantly differed between the two groups (p=0.343). Conclusion: CT scan is a specific method of evaluating patients with probable brain stem injuries after head trauma, but low sensitivity limits its efficacy. Our results are in conformity with the reports in the literature.
Keywords: Head Trauma, Brain Stem Injury, CT Scan, Autopsy
Full-Text [PDF 639 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine
Received: 2008/12/24
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Autopsy findings of brainstem in head trauma in comparison with CT scan findings in brain trauma ward, Imam Khomeini hospital, Tabriz. IJFM. 2008; 14 (2) :99-104
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-77-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 2 (summer 2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران IJFM
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