[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 25, Issue 2 (2019) ::
Iran J Forensic Med 2019, 25(2): 1-5 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of “Do Not Resuscitate” Order in Patients without Established Life based on the Article 372 of the Islamic Penal Code
A.R. Moshirahmadi1, A. Hejazi *2, G. Sabetian3, N. Badiian Mousavi4
1- Law Department, Law & Political Science Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tahran, Iran , arya_hedjazi@yahoo.com
3- Trauma Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4- Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (87 Views)
Introduction: In the present era, it is possible to maintain vital organs considering the major advances in medical science. Saving the lives of patients and resuscitation their life is possible through medical science and instruments. Although the use of medical instruments is beneficial in most cases and have satisfactory results, but in some cases, severe disorders are observed in function of vital organs because of  aging, systemic disease, and the other similar factors so that the medical science is unable to treatment the diseases and no action can be taken to maintain patient's life. This topic has led to discussions about “do not resuscitation” order in the face of these patients. Although philosophical and moral discussions have been raised in this regard it can also be investigated in terms of the legal perspective. The aim of the present study was to analysis of “do not resuscitation” order in patients without established life based on article 372 of the Islamic penal code.
Conclusion: It is possible to criminalization of the medical staff in terms of their nonintervention in the resuscitation of dying patients using the opposite concept of article 372 of the Islamic penal code.
Keywords: DNR, No Resuscitation, No Beneficial Treatment, Non Established Life
Full-Text [PDF 282 kb]   (24 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Medical Law
Received: 2016/07/5 | Accepted: 2019/04/14 | Published: 2019/06/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Khaki Bridge Intersection, Sanaabad Street, Mashhad, Iran.
References
1. Peimani M, Zahedi F, Larijani F. Do-not-resuscitate order across societies and the necessity of a national ethical guideline. Iran J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2012;5(5):18-33. [Persian] [Link]
2. Farhanchi A, Rahimi Z, Belbaki M. Standing do -not- resuscitate instruction as a moral choice in medical services. Med Ethics J. 2011;5(16):117-32. [Persian] [Link]
3. Moshirahmadi AR. Breaching human rights rules in force against terrorist suspects. 3rd World Conference on Psychology and Educational Sciences, Law and Social Sciences at the Beginning of the Third Millennium. Shiraz: Allameh Khoei Institute of Higher Education/Islamic Azad University, Zarghan Branch; 2016. [Persian] [Link]
4. Falahi M, Banaderakhshan H, Borhani F, Pourhoseingholi MA. The comparison of Iranian physician and nurses attitudes towards do- not- resuscitate orders. Adv Nurs Midwifery. 2015;25(89):21-9. [Persian] [Link]
5. Mashayekhi J, Madani M, Saeedi Tehrani S. Ethical considerations on advance directives: An overview of the ethical and legal aspects in the context of Islamic teachings. Iran J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2015;8(3):15-26. [Persian] [Link]
6. Nazari Tavakoli S. Comparison of brain death with non-deployed life. Maqalat wa Barrasiha. 2003;36(1):87-105. [Persian] [Link]
7. Ghazaee Tabatabaee M. Eternal life or the afterlife. 1st Edition. Tehran: Ashiyaneh Ketab; 2002. p. 162. [Persian] [Link]
8. Mirmohammad Sadeghi H. Offences against the person. 12th Edition. Tehran: Mizan; 2013. pp. 66-88. [Persian] [Link]
9. Pourjavaheri A. Organ transplantation in Jurisprudence. 1st Edition. Tehran: Imam Sadiq University; 2004. pp. 137-58. [Persian] [Link]
10. Mohammadi AH. Principles for inference of Islamic law. 32nd Edition. Tehran: University of Tehran Press; 2009. p. 73. [Persian] [Link]
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moshirahmadi A, Hejazi A, Sabetian G, Badiian Mousavi N. Analysis of “Do Not Resuscitate” Order in Patients without Established Life based on the Article 372 of the Islamic Penal Code. Iran J Forensic Med. 2019; 25 (2) :1-5
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-785-en.html


Volume 25, Issue 2 (2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3925