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:: Volume 23, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) ::
Ir J Forensic Med 2018, 23(4): 242-250 Back to browse issues page
A Jurisprudential Investigation of the Body Organ Trade
Reza Ali Karami * , Mohammad Reza Razzaghi , Morteza Salimi , Mohammad Javad Maleka Ashtiani
Department of Theology and Islamic Studies, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran. , Ra_karami@pnu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1280 Views)
Progresses made in the medical sciences have led to the use of human body organs and the byproducts thereof in treating some of the complicated and hard-to-cure ailments. This newly emergent phenomenon has been the cause of discussions and debates in Shiite jurisprudence and law. The major question raised in jurisprudence and law concerns the legitimacy of the human body organs trade and leasing them to the other human beings, especially the Muslims and that is whether such a trade can be deemed permissible or not? This is a qualitative research done via library materials and books and articles. The present article sets an appropriate grounding upon which the foresaid question is put forth and the responses thereto will be searched from the perspective of the canonical texts and proofs. Basing their reasons on the verses and Narratives and consensuses, some jurisprudents have decreed that such a trade should be considered among the invalid recently-arisen issues. On the contrary, there are other jurisprudents that based on the generalities and the denotations derived from verses and Narratives and according to an intellectual merit of such sales and also by making use of inclusions and general topics opined in favor of such sales, have emphasized on the permissibility and the authenticity of purchasing and selling of profitable objects and the intellectually good outcomes of such trades. Taking into consideration the advances made in the medical sciences and the Shiite jurisprudence’s concordance with the useful scientific progresses and also according to the importance that is given to the improvement of the Muslims’ health statuses within Islamic communities, the current research paper supports the authenticity and permissibility of such a trade as opined by the proponent jurisprudents.
Keywords: Islamic Jurisprudence, Verdict, Organ Transplantation, Organ Trade
Full-Text [PDF 272 kb]   (323 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Law - Crime and Criminal
Received: 2018/03/3 | Accepted: 2018/03/3 | Published: 2018/03/3
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Theology and Islamic Studies, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
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Ali Karami R, Razzaghi M R, Salimi M, Maleka Ashtiani M J. A Jurisprudential Investigation of the Body Organ Trade. Ir J Forensic Med. 2018; 23 (4) :242-250
URL: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-931-en.html

Volume 23, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی قانونی ایران Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine
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